Immigrants & Migration.
French immigrants left Canada or France to come to the United States. Many of these immigrants settled in the New England area of the United States where cotton mills and woolen mills offered employment. Other French immigrants settled in New Orleans where a large French population had been living since the early days of French exploration. French immigrants stablished roots in their new land that would influence generations to come.
Unlike the previous century, during which the vast majority of immigrants were European, these newer immigrants have come primarily from Central America and Southeast Asia. Many have entered the United States to escape the violent conflicts and ensuing chaos in their own countries (conflicts in which the United States has often been involved). Others, like millions before them, have simply sought a better standard of living and brighter future for their children. While the spread of immigration was mostly the Europeans at the begining of the 1900's, it was now becoming more common for other countries also. From 1940 all the way up to 2000 the numbers of different countries grew rapidly.
Africans, Arabs, Armenians, Asians, Brazilians, British, Canadians, Cambodians, Central Americans, Chileans, Chinese, Cubans, Dominicans, Europeans, general, Filipinos, Greeks, Guatemalans, Haitians, Hispanics, Hmong, Indians,Indochinese, general, Iranians, Irish, Japanese, Jews, Koreans, Laotians, Latinos, Mexicans, Pacific Islanders, Poles, Portuguese, Puerto Ricans, Russians, Salvadorans, Sikhs, Southeast Asians, Taiwanese, Vietnamese, West Indians.
There are three levels of explanation: the individual, the familial and the structural-institutional. At the first level, the individual, focuses on individual perception and asks what advantages individuals hope to obtain by migrating. These often include the prospects of increased economic opportunity or a higher standard of living or escape from social turmoil.
A second level of explanation focuses on family needs. Often, the decision to migrate is not simply a personal but a family decision, reflecting the desire of a large family unit to enhance its security or improve its well-being. Many family or kin groups receive “remittances”—cash payments that help to support family members—from relatives who have migrated to another area.
A third level of explanation—the structural and institutional—focuses on the broad social, political and economic contexts encourage or discourage population movement. Factors that stimulate migration include improvements in transportation and communication or income differentials between more economic advanced and less advanced areas. War, too, induces migration. Factors that inhibit migration include immigration laws restricting exit or entry.